The Public Interest Advisory Group held meetings in
Sackets Harbor, Belleville, and Trois-Rivières
in 2002. Because many of you indicated that you would
like to hear from us more often, we intend that the
Ripple Effects will be sent out quarterly beginning
with this issue. Articles will be focused on how the
Study is addressing your concerns.
Through our meetings so far, we have learned that
your major concerns are:
- Erosion and property damage due to high
- Extreme fluctuations in water levels;
- The overall health of the system, wetlands,
beaches and dunes; and
- Economic recreation/tourism concerns.
One question that is asked regularly is how environmental
issues, which do not easily have an economic value
attached to them, will be weighed against other interests
that can be assigned dollar values. This is a challenge
for the Study and we are working on a way to balance
these interests in the shared vision model that is being
developed by the Plan Formulation and Evaluation Group.
Many of you have indicated that you are unhappy with
extreme water level fluctuations, or the rate that the
levels drop or rise. This is largely a product of varying
water supplies that cannot be controlled by regulation.
the Study Board annual meeting held in Ogdensburg in
September, people with different perspectives expressed
different concerns. The riparian homeowners generally
favored lower levels to avoid flood damages and erosion.
The marina/recreational boating interests favored higher
levels. Elaine Kennedy acting PIAG co-lead in August
we won't be able to please everybody
all the time, and I think that a little bit of reality
has to stay with us as we go through this process, and
try to find what will do the least amount of damage,
and be the best for people as much as possible. But
it won't be perfect all the time."
"One thing that's definitely going to come out
of this work is that we're going to understand the Lake
Ontario - St. Lawrence River system much better. We'll
know where erosion is a factor, and we'll know where
flooding has occurred. People will be able to use the
information generated by the Study as a planning tool,"
said Tony Eberhardt, U.S. Study General Manager.
The Public Interest Advisory Group's 2003 meetings
will be held in Brockville and Toronto, Ontario; in
the Lake St. Louis area, Quebec; Sodus Bay and Wilson,
New York; and on Akwesasne lands.
Current Regulation of Outflows from
through the St. Lawrence River
Dr. Tony Eberhardt, U.S. Study General Manager
In April 1952, after years of debate on joint United
States-Canadian participation, the Canadian government
proposed an all-Canadian seaway and a joint Ontario-New
York power project. In May 1954, Congress authorized
U.S. participation in the project. The St. Lawrence
Seaway and Power Project was completed on June 26, 1959,
utilizing an enlarged channel to move commercial navigation
from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes and the change
in water surface elevation to generate hydropower. The
project extends from Ogdensburg to Massena, New York/Cornwall,
Ontario, for a distance of 45 miles (72 kilometers).
Major features are the Robert Moses-Robert H. Saunders
Power Dam; the Long Sault Dam, which acts as an overflow
structure for flows larger than the powerhouse design;
and the Iroquois Dam, which is primarily used to help
with ice formation. Three navigation locks that bypass
these dams are the Iroquois, Eisenhower and Snell Locks.
Downstream of this international project are the Melocheville,
Beauharnois, Cote St. Catherine and St. Lambert Locks.
A new in-river reservoir, Lake St. Lawrence, which begins
at Iroquois and extends nearly 30 miles (50 kilometers),
was created as the forebay of the Moses-Saunders Power
House near Massena. Downstream from Moses-Saunders is
Lake St. Francis, which serves as the reservoir for
the Cedars Generating Station and the Beauharnois Powerhouse,
two hydropower plants that pre-date the Seaway Project.
Storage on Lake St. Francis is very limited due to requirements
to maintain its level within a narrow range. Below the
Beauharnois-Cedars complex, Lake St. Louis is the next
portion of the river and Montreal Harbor is downstream.
Being within international waters, the construction
of the hydropower project was approved by an Order issued
by the International Joint Commission (IJC). The IJC
Order also specified design and operational requirements
to accommodate the Seaway. Prior to the completion of
the project, regulation plans were being contemplated.
The International St. Lawrence River Board of Control
was created by the IJC in November 1953 to perform studies
to determine the best rules for regulating Lake Ontario
outflows and water levels. The Board was also charged
with making decisions whether the outflows called for
by a regulation plan should be released or if deviations
from a plan are required.
Between 1955 and 1963, a regulation plan was developed
and refined for Lake Ontario. The Plan was developed
within the framework set by the guiding principles of
the Boundary Waters Treaty, giving precedence to uses
for domestic and sanitary purposes, navigation and hydropower.
Substantial flood damages occurred in the early 1950s
due to high levels on the lake and, as a result, methods,
which would provide a measure of flood control, were
included in the Plan. During 1960, low levels in Montreal
Harbor occurred and the plan was revised to reduce the
number of times that these levels occurred. The present
plan, which has been used by the St. Lawrence Board
since 1963, is referred to as Plan 1958-D.
Regulation Plan 1958-D
- "The regulated outflow from Lake Ontario
from 1 April to 15 December shall be such as
not to reduce the minimum level of Montreal
Harbour below that which would have occurred
in the past"
- (b) "The regulated winter outflows from
Lake Ontario from 15 December to 31 March shall
be as large as feasible and shall be maintained
so that the difficulties of winter operations
- (c) "The regulated outflow from Lake
Ontario during the annual spring break-up in
Montreal Harbour and in the river downstream
shall not be greater than would have occurred
assuming supplies of the past"
- (d) "The regulated outflow from Lake
Ontario during the annual flood discharge from
the Ottawa River shall not be greater than would
have occurred assuming supplies of the past"
- (e) "Consistent with other requirements,
the minimum regulated outflows from Lake Ontario
shall be such as to secure the maximum dependable
flow for power"
- (f) "Consistent with other requirements,
the maximum regulated outflow from Lake Ontario
shall be maintained as low as possible to reduce
channel excavation to a minimum"
- (g) "Consistent with other requirements,
the levels of Lake Ontario shall be regulated
for the benefit of property owners on the shores
of Lake Ontario in the United States and Canada
so as to reduce the extremes of stage which
have been experienced"
- (h) "The regulated monthly mean level
of Lake Ontario shall not exceed elevation 247.29
feet (75.37 metres) with the supplies of the
- (i) "Under regulation, the frequency
of occurrences of monthly mean elevations of
approximately 246.29 feet (75.07 metres) and
higher on Lake Ontario shall be less than would
have occurred in the past"
- (j) "The regulated level of Lake Ontario
on 1 April shall not be lower than elevation
243.29 feet (74.15 metres). The regulated monthly
mean level of the lake from 1 April to 30 November
shall be maintained at or above elevation 243.29
feet (74.15 metres)"
- (k) "When supplies are less than supplies
of the past, all possible relief shall be provided
to commercial navigation and hydropower. When
supplies are greater than supplies of the past,
all possible relief shall be provided to riparian
Plan 1958-D uses the end of week lake level and water
supply indicators to determine outflows. In order to
store water during various times of the year, seasonal
adjustments are applied to the outflows specified. The
plan has outflow limitations, which were included to
assist navigation, stimulate ice formation, provide
minimum outflows for hydropower and not result in outflows
higher or lower than occurred prior to development of
the project. There are also eleven guidelines, or criteria
(see Criteria on previous page), which pertain to levels
and outflows during certain times of the year for riparian,
navigation and hydropower interests. The criteria set
upper and lower levels for shoreline interests (riparians)
on Lake Ontario. The development of Plan 1958-D was
based on historic data from 1860 through 1954. The developers
recognized that conditions would likely occur which
would be more or less extreme than this historic data
set. In view of this, they included Criterion (k), which
specifies that if water supplies are greater than those
on which the Plan was based, all possible relief should
be provided to riparian interests upstream and downstream
of the Moses-Saunders Powerhouse. If supplies are less
than experienced during 1860-1954 recorded conditions,
all possible relief should be provided to commercial
navigation and hydropower. Unlike the other criteria,
which are automatically in place, the Board must identify
Criterion (k) conditions and operations within its guidelines,
and recommend that Criterion (k) be invoked and revoked
by the IJC. The Board then develops outflow regulation
strategies to deal with these unusual situations.
The long-term seasonal variation in Lake Ontario levels
is usually about 20 inches (0.5 meters). The lake typically
reaches its lowest level in late November and then gradually
rises over the winter and more sharply in response to
spring runoff, peaking in June. Of the Great Lakes,
Ontario has the greatest seasonal variation since it
is receiving water from all of the other lakes and its
own basin. It also has the earliest peak. In a typical
year, after the end of the navigation season, water
temperatures in the St. Lawrence River near the Moses-Saunders
Powerhouse and downstream are at or near the freezing
point. Outflows are reduced substantially at this time
to encourage ice formation in the river upstream of
Montreal. The reduced flows and reduced velocities enable
a strong and smooth ice cover to form. Once the cover
is established, outflows are gradually increased. Navigation
resumes around April 1st. In mid-to late spring, runoff
from melting snow (freshet) on the Ottawa River basin
occurs. This large river system flows into the St. Lawrence
River at Montreal. During this freshet period, St. Lawrence
River flows are often reduced to prevent flooding around
Montreal. Once the Ottawa River freshet declines, Lake
Ontario outflows are increased to prevent Lake Ontario
levels from rising above the upper limit set in Plan
1958-D. In the fall, outflows are specified, which will
provide adequate depths for navigation through the river
and in Montreal Harbor as ships leave the system toward
the end of the navigation season. Although not specifically
addressed in the regulation plan, attempts are made
to maintain St. Lawrence River water levels that will
be adequate for recreational boaters. This interest
becomes a concern especially during late summer and
early fall in the St. Lawrence River from the Thousand
Islands through to Montreal. Also, when Lake Ontario
outflows are high, levels can drop in the Lake St. Lawrence
area above the powerhouse, creating low water problems
at marinas in that part of the river and occasionally
at municipal water intakes.
Recreational Boating Sails On
Jonathan Brown, Co-lead Recreational Boating Technical
The Recreational Boating Technical Work Group completed
an inventory of marinas and yacht clubs in operation
along the New York portions of the Lake Ontario and
St. Lawrence River shoreline this summer. To be included
in the survey, a business had to have ten or more
slips for rent either seasonally or overnight, and
the business had to be accessible to the public. Interviews
were completed with 159 marinas and yacht clubs. A
similar survey was conducted last summer at marinas
and yacht clubs on the Canadian side of these waters.
During the interview, operators were asked about the
services they provide and the impacts of changing
water levels on their operations. Water depth measurements
from slips and docks were taken at each marina to
help identify the range of water levels at which each
marina could operate without incurring economic losses.
High and low water level fluctuations after which
marina owners begin to have economic losses or costs,
and estimates of these costs as water levels rise
or fall further from the point where initial losses
occur, were also determined.
A survey of boaters using Lake Ontario and the St.
was conducted this fall. Boaters registered in New
York State were screened to find out if they use these
waters and then asked to complete surveys to identify
how water level fluctuations impact them. If you
were asked to participate in this survey, please respond.
The information you provide will be valuable to the
The Recreational Boating Technical Work Group will
analyze the results of both surveys to produce overall
estimates of losses to marinas, losses in boating
opportunities, and losses in tourism-related revenues
to local communities due to excessive high and low
water levels. This information will be used to define
water level-impact relationship performance indicators
and ultimately measure how and to what extent recreational
boating is either positively or negatively affected
by changing water levels or flows. Based on these
water level/impact relationships, new criteria for
regulation can be developed addressing the needs of
boaters. The Plan Formulation and Evaluation Group
will use these water level/impact relationships combined
with those submitted by the other interest groups
to develop alternative regulation plans with consideration
to each group's criteria for regulation. It is expected
that through this process, new regulation criteria
and a plan will be developed that will better meet
the needs of all interests.
Tom Bender, Co-lead Coastal Processes Technical
The Coastal Processes Technical Work Group is investigating
the impacts of water level fluctuations along Lake
Ontario and the St. Lawrence River paying particular
erosion and flood processes. The most challenging
part of this work will be to show how erosion occurs
as a result of a large
number of variables including water levels, bluff
and near shore geology, storms and human influences.
While it may be apparent that storms and high water
levels produce much of the visibly active erosion,
there are things going on even during low water conditions
that contribute to erosion. For example, during low
water, waves break further offshore and often erode
and scour the lake bottom at that location. This in
turn results in more wave energy reaching the shore
during the next cycle of high water. Also during low
water, some sedimentary rock and clay shorelines that
are normally underwater can become exposed to more
rapid weathering processes including freezing and
The supply of sand and gravel to a shoreline is also
an important factor in controlling erosion. Few people
realize that most beaches are the direct result of
shoreline erosion, and without erosion the sands and
gravels that make up many beaches would slowly disappear.
The loss of the beach results in more direct wave
attack to the bluffs, and erosion again is accelerated.
In other words, nature tries to make up for what is
lost, which illustrates the delicate balance between
erosion and the natural protection that beaches provide.
An example of this is when a structure is built to
trap sand along the shoreline, such as a groin or
offshore breakwater. The structure may benefit the
area where sand collects, but the "downdrift"
shoreline becomes starved and often experiences accelerated
erosion. Another example is the effect that revetments
and seawalls have on beaches. Since these structures
halt the erosion of the sands and gravels that would
normally become available as beach building materials,
further degradation of downdrift beaches occurs.
The Coastal Processes Group is also evaluating flooding
the lake and river shorelines. Fortunately, the understanding
of flood processes is much less complicated and there
are fewer areas of flooding compared to areas of erosion.
Based on the results of the above analyses, both
the positive and negative impacts to shoreline property
will be evaluated for a range of potential regulation
plans. The results will then be coordinated with the
Plan Formulation and Evaluation Group and evaluated
with the results of the other technical work groups.
Water Uses Group
The Domestic, Industrial, and Municipal Water
Uses Technical Work Group is studying the impacts
of water level fluctuations on water intakes,
sanitary sewers, septic systems, and water treatment
facilities. This includes investigating the impacts
of varying water levels on near-shore wells along
the lake and river. The Group is gathering information
on the extent and severity of the impacts on near-shore
wells for further evaluation.
If you have a shore well on the Lake or River
and are experiencing problems related to levels,
please contact the Study office(s).
A Coordinated Approach to Investigate
Relationships between Lake Ontario Water Levels
Douglas A. Wilcox, Ph.D., PWS o U.S. Geological
Survey - Great Lakes Science Center
Water-level fluctuations are a natural phenomenon in
the Great Lakes due to natural climatic variability.
Wetland plant communities, which provide habitat for
a multitude of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles,
fish, birds, and mammals, have evolved to adapt to water-level
changes that occur on several scales. Regulation of
lake levels alters the dynamics of plant communities,
however, and gives a competitive advantage to some species
at the expense of others. In Lake Ontario, the change
is most evident where cattails have replaced natural
sedge/grass communities and reduced habitat diversity.
Wetland researchers from the United States and Canada
a joint study for the Environmental Technical Work Group
that will evaluate the effects of regulation by mapping
changes in wetland vegetation using aerial photographs
of selected sites across a span of years from pre-regulation
to the present. Sixteen sites in the U.S. and sixteen
sites in Canada are split evenly by geomorphic type:
open embayment, protected embayment, barrier-beach,
and drowned river mouth. The sites extend from the lake
to the upper portion of the St. Lawrence River. Vegetation
maps derived from older photographs will also serve
to characterize the pre-regulation plant communities
and serve as the target for efforts to develop new regulation
criteria and a plan that might allow more natural conditions
Quantitative studies of the plant communities will
also be conducted
in the field at the selected study sites by sampling
along transects that follow elevation contours with
specific past histories of flooding (i.e., differing
number of years since last flooded or dewatered).
A computer model that has been developed will
use these data, topographic/bathymetric maps of
the wetlands, and projected water levels that
would result from possible new regulation plans
to predict the relative area of wetland that will
be in each vegetation type under each new plan.
The predictions will be compared to the targets
set for each of the four geomorphic types and
will also be used by researchers studying amphibians,
fish, birds, and muskrats to evaluate potential
changes in habitat.
In addition, updated wetland inventories are being
entire lake and upper river, and all wetlands will be
assigned to one of the four geomorphic types. After
the selected sites have been studied, the results will
be extended to the entire system using the inventory.
The results of all studies will be used by the Environmental
Technical Work Group to develop the set of performance
indicators that would most benefit the ecosystems of
Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River. These indicators
will be provided to the Plan Formulation and Evaluation
Group for use in evaluation of alternative regulation
criteria and plans.
The Common Data Needs Group has been responsible
for collecting and updating basic shoreline data and
information for the Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River
System. Now that most of this information has been gathered,
this group has been renamed the Information Management
Technical Work Group. They are responsible for making
the vast amounts of information gathered available to
the technical work groups for use and analysis and for
developing and implementing an Information Management
Strategy for the Study. The leads for this Group are
Roger Gauthier in the U.S. and Ian Gillespie
The Plan Formulation and Evaluation Group
is a new group formed to integrate all work performed
during the Study. They are responsible for developing
the tools and procedures needed for the Study to make
recommendations to the International Joint Commission.
Wendy Leger, former Canadian co-lead to the Common
Data Needs Work Group, has been appointed as the Canadian
lead for this group. She will be working with Bill
Werick, U.S. Lead for the group. Bill is also a
member of the Hydrologic and Hydraulic Technical Work
Although it is too early to discuss results, great
progress has been made in the first two years of the
International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River Study.
Areas of concern have been identified and information
is being gathered to move the Study towards its goal
of making a recommendation to the
International Joint Commission for new criteria and
plans for regulation of outflows from Lake Ontario through
the St. Lawrence River.
| The Study has
nine technical work groups, six of which are investigating
various areas of interest: coastal erosion and flooding,
commercial navigation, power generation, recreational
boating and tourism, water use interests, and environmental
The Coastal Group developed a framework for a flood
and erosion prediction system during the first year.
The Commercial Navigation Group has collected data on
commercial vessels, voyages, cargo carried, and ports.
The Hydrology and Hydraulics Group are developing models
to simulate levels, flows and other hydraulic conditions
that would result from various regulation plans with
different scenarios. The Power Generation Group is developing
a report describing the state of the industry in terms
of present and future trends, market factors, and effects
of climate change.
The marina survey performed by the Recreational Boating
Group this past summer is complete. They are now working
on a survey of New York State registered boaters that
use Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River. The Water
Uses Group is studying the impacts of water level variations
on industrial, municipal, and domestic water intakes
and treatment facilities. The Environmental Technical
Work Group identified 46 different wetland sites for
The Common Data Needs technical work group had the
daunting task of gathering information needed by all
of the groups. The information needed to be in a format
every group could use and accessible to the groups.
An integral part of the Study is the Public Interest
Advisory Group. The volunteer group was appointed by
the IJC to ensure effective communication between the
public and the International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence
River Study Team. During the group's first year they
gave over 30 presentations to various stakeholder groups
helping to create an awareness of the Study and passing
the concerns of the public along to the Study Team.
A summary of the group's activities and comments and
concerns raised to the Public Interest Advisory Group
by the public have been included in their Year 1 Report.
As the Study progresses, preferences of the stakeholders
in each of the interest groups will be defined. A shared
vision model developed by the Plan Formulation and Evaluation
Group will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of
a new regulation plan based on those preferences. "Because
the Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River System is so complex,
it will be difficult to please all interests at all
times," said Dr. Tony Eberhardt, U.S. General Manager
for the Study. "But the shared vision model will
allow all interests to participate and help shape the
new regulation plan."
Copies of the first year progress reports for the Study
and the Public Interest Advisory Group are available
on the Study website at www.losl.org or by written request
to the communication representative in the Study office(s).
If you have not already requested copies, please fill
out the form on the back of this newsletter to request
either or both of the reports. Once you have reviewed
the reports, we would appreciate receiving your comments.
It is important to us to be aware of your concerns and
incorporate your concerns into the Study.
New Study Board Member
We welcome Jim Snyder to the Study Board. Jim
brings a great deal of experience regarding environmental
issues on the St. Lawrence River to the Study. He is
currently working with the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Environment
Division on various projects and studies including the
Snye Marsh Project, the Atlantic Salmon Project, a fluoride
study and the Spottail Shiner Study. Jim did extensive
work with the Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment
during the 1999 New York Power Authority Study of the
St. Lawrence River.
New Public Interest Advisory
We would also like to welcome the following new members
to the Public Interest Advisory Group.
Marcel Lussier is the new Canadian Co-lead for
the Public Interest Advisory Group. A graduate in civil
engineering and Master of applied sciences, Marcel,
in addition to his extended knowledge in sanitary engineering,
has experience in municipal engineering, and in the
improvement and the protection of the environment. He
retired from Hydro-Québec after a 22-year career
as an environmental engineer. In addition to his environmental
background related to hydro-electric production, his
expertise includes the treatment of used and fresh water
in power plants, and contaminants.
Larry Field is the Waterfront Specialist for
the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority responsible
for some 46 km (approximately 29 miles) of the Lake
Ontario shoreline from the City of Mississauga in the
Region of Peel to the Ajax/Whitby border in the Region
of Durham. He has over 18 years of waterfront experience
in the implementation of the Lake Ontario Waterfront
Development Program and the Shoreline Management Program.
Larry is pleased to have the opportunity to participate
on the PIAG as we further the understanding of comprehensive
Michel Gagné is currently the Director
for Fresh Water Production for the city of Montreal,
which provides 1.8 million people with fresh water.
He graduated in Chemical Engineering from l'École
Polytechnique de Montréal (1976), where he
also finished his Masters in Environmental Engineering
(1982). He also holds a degree in Administration (1978).
By being involved with the PIAG, Michel hopes to present
Montreal's point of view in regard to raw water provision
for their seven fresh water production factories.
Jon Montan is a senior-level planner with the
St. Lawrence County Planning Office, having been employed
there since 1979. He is primarily responsible for addressing
environmental and natural resource issues as the lead
staff person for the County's Environmental Management
Council. Jon is a
graduate of St. Lawrence University (B.S. Biology) and
Utah State University (M.S. Wildlife Ecology). He has
used his education in science over the years to study
a wide variety of environmental and scientific topics
ranging across the spectrum from solid and hazardous
waste management to low-altitude military flights to
nuisance beaver control. Currently he is the County's
lead staff person for Geographic Information System
(GIS) use and development
Scott Tripoli is a lifetime resident of the
eastern Lake Ontario shore and currently owns property
with lake rights to the sand banks north of Sandy Pond.
Scott is a boater and fisherman with interests in environmental
issues affecting the basin including the St. Lawrence
River, which he frequents. Scott's vocation as a Mechanical
Engineer includes working in the Power and Energy industries
where his company has designed, installed, repaired
and upgraded hydroelectric turbines and generators including
those at the Robert Moses-Robert H. Saunders Power Dam.
He currently works in the energy services industry where
they supply electricity for the wholesale and retail
deregulated energy market.
New Study Liaison
Russ Trowbridge is on loan from the U.S. State
Department as the International Joint Commission - Washington
lead staff for the Study. Russ is a career Foreign Service
Officer who has served in the U.S. embassies in Greece,
Gabon (Central Africa), the Czech Republic, Norway,
and the Consulate General in Hong Kong. He has also
worked extensively with Sudan, Russia, the Baltic States,
and Bosnia. He has specialized in economics, including
energy, international finance, trade and investment
disputes and treaty negotiations, and post-Communist
economic reconstruction. Immediately prior to joining
the IJC, he served as the U.S. Economic Advisor for
Implementation of the Bosnia Peace Plan. He very much
looks forward to working with the Study, and hopes it
will be somewhat less contentious than some of his recent
New Public Information Officer
Arianne Matte is acting as the
Public Information Officer in the Canadian Secretariat
office. She holds a Bachelor of Journalism degree from
Carleton University, and has worked in media relations
with the Games of la Francophonie and Biathlon Canada.
She was newsletter editor at Human Resources Development
Canada and on the editing team for Minister David Anderson
at Environment Canada. Arianne's hobby is to write and
direct for theatre and she currently is the President
of Productions Nemesis theatre company.
New Technical Work Group
Ian Gillespie is welcomed as the new Canadian
Co-lead for the Information Management Technical Work
Group. He has been employed in the field of mapping
and geographic information systems within the private
and public sectors in Ontario for the past sixteen years.
Ian is actively involved with the Study, helping to
assemble and coordinate the management of geospatial
data for the Technical Working Group on behalf of Environment
Canada. In cooperation with his Provincial and U.S.
counterparts involved in the Study, Ian has helped to
design and implement standards and methodologies to
better manage and share the growing information holdings
generated by the Study.
Brad Parker is on secondement to the International
Joint Commission from the Canadian Environmental Assessment
Agency in Ottawa. One of the tasks that Brad has been
assigned is the Canadian Co-Chair of the Environmental
Technical Work Group. Brad has a broad background in
the evaluation of large environmentally sensitive projects
across Canada. As Director of Project Assessment at
the Agency, he was responsible for the coordination
of environmental assessments for a variety of power
generation projects, roads, pipelines and mines. Brad
has also worked as an environmental studies specialist
for Ontario Hydro and as a fisheries biologist in the
private sector. He looks forward to the challenges of
this program and to discussions with all persons, groups
and organizations that have an interest in the environment
of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
An engineer for close to thirty years, Serge St-Martin
is now the Canadian Co-lead for the Recreational Boating
& Tourism Technical Work Group. He has spent most
of his professional career with Hydro-Québec,
and is an avid recreational boater. Since 1976, he has
been involved in the Canadian Power
and Sail Squadrons (CPS). He taught coastal and celestial
navigation for eight years and served in ten different
positions at the Squadron, District and National levels.
He is the Secretary of the Quebec Boating Council since
We sincerely wish to thank the following
participants for all of the time and hard work that
they provided to the Study. We appreciate you!
R. Shawn Martin
Our next issue will include
a review of the progress made by the CommercialNavigation
Technical Work Group.
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please ask them to contact us.
If you are interested in sharing your concerns
about water levels in Lake Ontario and the St.
Lawrence River, would like to receive more information
about the Study, or would like to participate
in one of our meetings, please contact the communication
representative in your country.
Arleen K. Kreusch
Public Affairs Specialist
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207
Tel: (716) 879-4438
Fax: (716) 879-4356
Arianne M. Matte
Public Information Officer
234 Laurier Avenue West
Ottawa, ON K1P 6K6
Tel: (613) 992-5727
Fax: (613) 995-9644